Updates 2022-2021

September 18, 2022
Book of the Dead for Aaneru
Museo Egizio Cat. 1771
Composed of photo Museo Egizio
Panoramaview VB 2022


September 18, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Meshasebeq
Museo Egizio Cat. 1769
Composed of photo Museo Egizio
Panoramaview VB 2022


September 17, 2022
Book of the Dead papyrus for Nebhepet, son of the famous Butamun
Museo Egizio Cat. 1779
Photos website Museo Egizio
Panoramaview VB 2022


September 17, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Djedkhonsuiuefankh
Museo Egizio Cat. 1779
Composed of photos Museo Egizio
Panoramaview VB 2022


September 16, 2022
Page : Book of the Dead papyrus for Qenna
17 metres
RMO, Leiden
Photos and panoramaview VB 2022

September 15, 2022
Page : Rare and special shabtis
Horizontally and vertically pierced glass shabti (4.1 cm)
Amasis Collection (not published)
Photos: courtesy JT

July 18, 2022
Update on a rare series that could be mongoose shabtis
VB 2022

July 12, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Queen Henuttawy A, wife of Pinedjem I
Composed of photos of facsimile Boulaq Museum 1876
Panoramaview VB 2022

July 11, 2022
Book of the Dead papyrus for Nauny
Probably daughter of Pinedjem I
Metropolitan Museum, New York 30.3.31
Composed of various b/w and colour photos
Panoramaview VB 2022


Nauny, daughter Pinedjem I, 21st Dynasty

July 11, 2022
Book of the Dead papyrus for Queen Henuttawy A, wife of Pinedjem I
Composed of photos of facsimile Boulaq Museum 1876
Panoramaview VB 2022

July 9, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Nauny
Probably daughter of Pinedjem I
Metropolitan Museum, New York 30.3.32
Composed of photos wikimedia.org
Panoramaview VB 2022


June 26, 2022
Page Sources
Book about swindle in art and antiques trade by Jean Thomassen, 2007, 354 pages, shabtis pg. 199-243
Zwendel in de kunst- en antiekhandel
Around 60 genuine and fake shabis, moderate black and white photos, the accompanying text describes the provenance and journey of various pieces and discusses forgeries that appeared on the market
Uitgeverij Aspekt, 2007, ISBN-10: 90-5911-285-7, ISBN 13: 978-90-5911-285-8

June 20, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Horemakhbit
BA P.3001, Berlin 1
Neues Museum Berlin
Panorama view VB 2022 (quality remarks)

June 7, 2022
Page Rare and special shabtis
Added bronze worker shabti of Nakhtherkhopeshef
20th Dynasty, ca. 1000 BC
Museum MARKK, Hamburg
Photo: VB 2022

June 6, 2022
Page : Rare and special shabtis
Extra photo compilation added to the presumed listening shabti
Concubine shabtis added
Photos: Courtesy Glenn Janes

June 6, 2022
Page : Rare and special shabtis
Thanks to a good acquaintance, I was able to identify a shabti previously listed on my site under the name Iay as an overseer of General Undjebauendjed of Tanis
VB 2022

May 23, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Sesech
BA P.3147, Berlin 23
Neues Museum Berlin
Panorama view VB 2022 (quality remarks)

May 23, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Nesyamennesettawy
BA P.3153, Berlin 26
Neues Museum Berlin
Panorama view VB 2022 (quality remarks)

May 23, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Amenemwia
BA P.3127, Berlin 18
Neues Museum Berlin
Panorama view VB 2022 (quality remarks)

May 4, 2022
Black and white panorama of the Book of the Dead papyrus for Nesykhonsu
Royal Cache
Source: Publication Edouard Naville, 1912

May 3, 2022
Black and white panorama of the Book of the Dead papyrus for Maatkara
Royal Cache
Source: Publication Edouard Naville, 1912

April 27, 2022
First part of the Book of the Dead papyrus for Queen Nodjmet in the Louvre Museum added to the one in London BM 10541
Louvre Museum, E.6258
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 26, 2022
Second part of the Book of the Dead papyrus for Queen Nodjmet
Royal Cache
British Museum, BM 10541
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 26, 2022
Funerary papyrus for Queen Nodjmet
Royal Cache
British Museum, BM 10490 1-5
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 25, 2022
Funerary papyrus for Sethnakht
19th Dyn.
Metropolitan Museum, New York 35.919a-e
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 25, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Nesamen
Metropolitan Museum, New York 26.2.51
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 25, 2022
Book of the Dead for Ty
Metropolitan Museum, New York 25.3.34
Composed of photos wikimedia.org
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 25, 2022
Amduat papyrus for Ty
Metropolitan Museum, New York 25.3.33
Composed of photos wikimedia.org
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 25, 2022
Page Book of the Dead Gautseshenu
Metropolitan Museum, New York 25.3.32
Composed of photos wikimedia.org
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 25, 2022
Page Papyrus Nesetaset
MMA60, Winlock 1924
Metropolitan Museum, New York, 25.3.30
Panoramaview: VB 2022

April 24, 2022
Page Papyrus Henuttawy C
MMA60, Winlock 1924
Metropolitan Museum, New York, 25.3.29
Panoramaview: VB 2022

April 24, 2022
Page Papyrus Djedmutiusankh
MMA60, Winlock 1924
Metropolitan Museum, New York, 25.3.27
Panoramaview: VB 2022

April 24, 2022
Page Papyrus Henuttawy C
MMA60, Winlock 1924
Metropolitan Museum, New York, 25.3.28
Panoramaview: VB 2022

April 23, 2022
Page Papyrus Khonsuenrenep
Book of the Dead
Bab el Gasus A.120
Field Museum, Chicago, 31759
Panoramaview: VB 2022

April 23, 2022
Page Papyrus Hori
Book of the Dead
21th Dyn – Cleveland 2
Museum of Art, 21.1032
Panoramaview: VB 2022

April 23, 2022
Page Papyrus Tayuhenutmut
22th Dyn – Chigaco 3 18039
Panoramaview: VB 2022

April 20, 2022
Page Determine Age Shabtis
Material: Bronze shabtis added
Photos: VB

April 20, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus – Userhatmes
New photo shabtibox
Photo: Courtesy/Copyright Alain Dautant 2013

April 19, 2022
Page Pinedjem II
British Museum, London EA10793 (1 sheet)
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 19, 2022
Page Gautseshenu
Metropolitan Museum, New York 25.3.31
Composed of photos wikimedia.org
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 18, 2022
Page Amduat papyrus for Hunefer
British Museum EA9901-1 to EA9901-8
5,5 metres
Composed of photos © The Trustees of the British Museum
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 17, 2022
Book of the Dead papyrus for Ani
British Museum EA10470-1 to EA10470-37
23,5 metres
Composed of photos © The Trustees of the British Museum
Panoramaview VB 2022

April 12, 2022
Page Amduat papyrus for Henuttawy B – Cairo 2
Daughter of Pinedjem I and Henuttawy A
Cairo Museum
Photo and panoramaview VB 2021/2022

April 12, 2022
Page Amduat papyrus for Henuttawy B – Cairo 3
Daughter of Pinedjem I and Henuttawy A
Cairo Museum
Photo and panoramaview VB 2021/2022

April 11, 2022
Page Papyrus for Ankhesenmut
Probably from Bab el Gasus
Cairo Museum
Photo and panoramaview VB 2021/2022

April 10, 2022
Retake Nesytaudjatakhet papyrus – Cairo 21
Amduat papyrus for Nesytaudjatakhet
Photos and panoramaviews VB 2021/2022

April 10, 2022
Retake Menkheperra B papyrus – Cairo 5
Amduat papyrus for Menkheperra B A.147
Photos and panoramaviews VB 2021/2022

April 9, 2022
Retake Isetemkhebit papyrus – Cairo 18
Amduat papyrus for Isetemkhebit A.126
Photos and panoramaviews VB 2021/2022

April 9, 2022
Retake Makaekra papyrus – Cairo 13
Amduat papyrus for Makaekra
Photos and panoramaviews VB 2021/2022

April 6, 2022
Unidentified papyrus 24-A
Cairo Museum, Room 24
Photos and panoramaviews VB 2021/2022

April 6, 2022
Unidentified papyrus 24-B
Cairo Museum, Room 24
Photos and panoramaviews VB 2021/2022

April 6, 2022
Page Amenhotep papyrus – Cairo 12
Retake Amduat papyrus for Amenhotep
Cairo Museum
Photos and panoramaview VB 2021/2022

April 5, 2022
Page Amduat papyrus Djedkhonsuiufankh
Daressy A-no. not attributed
See also
Shabtis Bab el Gasus
Length 354 cm, height 22 cm
Cairo Museum
Photo and panoramaview: VB 2021

April 4, 2022
Page Amenhotep papyrus – Cairo 9
Retake Book of the Dead papyrus Amenhotep
Cairo Museum
VB September 2021

April 4, 2022
Page Nespaneferher papyrus – Cairo 66
Retake Amduat papyrus for Nespaneferher
Cairo Museum
VB September 2021

March 30, 2022
Unidentified papyrus A
Unidentified papyrus B
Unidentified papyrus C
Unidentified papyrus D
Room 51 above the stairs and toilets
Cairo Museum

March 29, 2022
Page Unidentified papyrus E
Room 51 above the stairs and toilets
Cairo Museum

March 28, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus shabti owners :
All around movies of Bab el Gasus shabtis
Isetemkhebit I      (Bab el Gasus) worker
Isetemkhebit II     (Bab el Gasus) worker
Menkheperra B    (Bab el Gasus) worker
Meretamen           (Bab el Gasus) worker
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

March 8, 2022
Page Book of the Dead papyrus Maiherperi
Kings Valley KV36
Cairo Museum

February 27, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus shabti owners :
Thanks to photos I received from Jen Thum of the Harvard Art Museums, I discovered four shabtis that solved the problem of the great difference in iconography between the, until febrary 2022 published in various studies, worker and overseer. Instead of one type, it turns out they are two types that almost without a doubt belong to the same person, Amenniutnakht. Therefore, I have now represented them as two separate types

Amenniutnakht – imn-niwt-nxt
Type 1

Amenniutnakht – imn-niwt-nxt
Type 2

February 27, 2022
Site Shabticollections.com :
A new study by Patrice Renaut and Niek de Haan on the shabtis of Tayuheret was published today. What is remarkable is that although many overseers are known, relatively few workers have been found. Here is the research

February 27, 2022
Page Shabtis ancient Egypt :
All around movie of Ramessu, son of Sennedjem
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 27, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus shabti owners :
Second all around movies of Bab el Gasus shabti
Taudjatra   (Bab el Gasus) worker
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 27, 2022
Page Shabtis ancient Egypt :
All around movies of a stone and faience shabti of Senkamanisken (Kushite King early 26th Dynasty)
Senkamanisken stone
Senkamanisken faience
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 26, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
Another set of all around movies of rare shabtis from the Royal Cache DB320
Djedptahiufankh     (Royal Cache) worker Type 2
Isetemkheb D           (Royal Cache) extra worker Type 1
Nesitanebtashru      (Royal Cache) extra worker Type 2
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022
Djedptahiufankh     (Royal Cache) overseer Type 1
Dutch private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 15, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus
Two shabti boxes of (another?) Tabaketenkhonsu added
Cairo JE 29279 and JE 29292
Photo: VB 2021

February 28, 2022
I have decided to detach these boxes from the lady from Bab el Gasus because it is likely that the box in the Smithsonian was in Lot 10 sent to the US as an anonymous box. The shabtibox in the Smithsonian fits the dating of the coffins better

February 14, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus
Shabti box of Sjedsuhor added
Cairo JE 29288
Photo: VB 2021

February 14, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus
Shabti box of Dyrepu added
Cairo JE 29291
Photo: VB 2021

February 14, 2022
Page Amduat papyrus Taudjatra
Bab el Gasus
Length 380 cm, height 28 cm
Cairo Museum

February 13, 2022
Page Amduat papyrus Nestanebettawy
Bab el Gasus
Length 429 cm, height 22.5 cm
Cairo Museum

February 12, 2022
Page Amduat papyrus Amenhatpamecha
Bab el Gasus
Length 388 cm, height 23 cm
Cairo Museum

February 12, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus shabti owners :
All around movies of Bab el Gasus shabtis
Shedsuhor        (Bab el Gasus) worker
Taudjatra          (Bab el Gasus) worker
Tentipet            (Bab el Gasus) worker
Tentipet            (Bab el Gasus) overseer
Tentosorkon    (Bab el Gasus) worker
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 9, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus shabti owners :
All around movies of Bab el Gasus shabtis
Pakharu   (Bab el Gasus) worker with bag
Pakharu   (Bab el Gasus) worker without bag
Tahenetnebkhemenu  (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 1
Tahenetnebkhemenu  (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 2
Tjanefer    (Bab el Gasus) worker
Userhatmes   (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 3
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 8, 2022
Page Amduat papyrus Khonsuenrenep
Bab el Gasus
Length 430 cm, height 25.5 cm
Cairo Museum

February 7, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
A fourth type has been added to the Isetemkheb workers. Pictures have also been added to show the differences between the types. 3D movies are now available for the first 3 types
Type 1
Type 2
Type 3
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 6, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus shabti owners :
All around movies of Bab el Gasus shabtis
Amennniutnakht        (Bab el Gasus) worker
Djedkhonsuiufankh   (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 1
Gautseshenu A           (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 1
Hori                              (Bab el Gasus) worker
Hori                              (Bab el Gasus) overseer
Khonsuenrenep         (Bab el Gasus) worker
Nespakashuty            (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 1
Nespakashuty            (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 2
Nespaneferher           (Bab el Gasus) worker
Nesypawtytawy         (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 2
Nesypernub               (Bab el Gasus) worker
Payefadjer                  (Bab el Gasus) worker
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 5, 2022
Page Anonymous Amduat papyrus
Bab el Gasus
Thanks to the help of Nikolay Tarasenko, I was able to link the right numbers to this anonymous papyrus
Length 176 cm, height 24 cm
Cairo Museum

February 1, 2022
Page Bab el Gasus shabti owners :
All around movies of Bab el Gasus shabtis
Amenhatpamecha       (Bab el Gasus) overseer Type 1
Amenhatpamecha       (Bab el Gasus) worker Type 4
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 1, 2022
Page Shabtis, a chronological overview :
All around movie of the 17th Dynasty wooden stick shabti of Senakhtpu, son of Khonsu and brother of Imennefer
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 1, 2022
Page Shabtis, a chronological overview :
All around movie of the 20th Dynasty Ramsesmentukhepersef son of Ramses IX
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

February 1, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
All around movie of a Royal Cache DB320 overseer
Nesykhonsu       (Royal Cache) overseer
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

January 30, 2022
Page Rare and special shabtis :
All around movie of a wax statue with golden mask
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

January 30, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
Another set of all around movies of rare shabtis from the Royal Cache DB320
Nesykhonsu       (Royal Cache) worker Type 1
Nesykhonsu       (Royal Cache) worker Type 1 with unique ear ornaments
Nesykhonsu       (Royal Cache) worker Type 2
Isetemkheb D    (Royal Cache) worker Type 2
Isetemkheb D    (Royal Cache) worker Type 3
Pinedjem II         (Royal Cache) worker
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

January 26, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
Another set of all around movies of rare shabtis from the Royal Cache DB320
Taywheret      (Royal Cache) overseer Type 1
Taywheret      (Royal Cache) worker Type 2
Masaharta      (Royal Cache) worker Type 5 (new type)
Maatkara        (Royal Cache) worker Type 2
Henuttawy A  (Royal Cache) worker Type 1
Henuttawy A  (Royal Cache) worker Type 3
Maatkara        (Royal Cache) worker Type 1
German private collection
Courtesy AB 2022

January 24, 2022
Page Pharaoh shabtis :
Panoramaview Abydos King List with the common names of the pharao’s (wiki)

January 23, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
Photo of front and back of overseer Henuttawy A
Courtesy: NH

January 23, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
All around movie of a Worker 3 shabti with the wig of Worker 5
Courtesy: AB

January 23, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
All around movie of a worker shabti (with throne name) of Pinedjem I and a photo to compare sides and backs
Courtesy: AB

January 23, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
All around movie of two special Worker 5 shabtis with mysterious faience, number onenumber two
Courtesy: AB

January 7, 2022
Page Papyrus Yuya :
Panoramaview of the magnificent 20-metre-long papyrus of Yuya, important advisor to Amenhotep III in the 18th Dynasty and probably the great-grandfather of Tutankhamun, has been on display since the beginning of 2019. It is the fourth longest papyrus in the world and the longest ever exhibited in Egypt

January 5, 2022
Page Papyri :
Relevant publications added and a link to the Prof. Dr. Siegfried Schott (1897-1971) photo archive with old photo’s of papyri in the Cairo Museum

January 5, 2022
Page Papyrus Nesykhonsu, Luxor Museum :
Added a panorama made from photos (scans) from the beginning of the 20e century from the Schott archive

January 5, 2022
Page Djedmutiusankh papyrus – Cairo 60 :
Retake photo and panorama December 2021

January 3, 2022
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
All around movies of two exceptionally well-preserved  overseer shabtis of Pinedjem I and Henuttawy A
Courtesy: AB

December 29, 2021
Page Royal Cache DB320 shabti owners :
All around movie of an unique example of a Maatkara overseer, daughter of Pinedjem I
Courtesy: AB

December 29, 2021
Page Rare and special shabtis :
All around movie of a bronze shabti  of general Undjebauendjed
Courtesy: AB

December 27, 2021
Page Rare and special shabtis
New photo’s and 360 degrees movie of the worker and overseer of Psusennes I
Courtesy: AB

December 20, 2021
Page How to determine the age of a shabti or ushabti
Thanks to a perceptive note in Louis-Philippe Bazelier’s graduate thesis, I have adjusted the dating of ear ornaments and pierced earlobes. In the past, I had incorrectly limited these features to the Amarna period

December 20, 2021
Page Rare and special shabtis
Added a rare bronze shabti Kafen and new photo’s of a bronze shabti named Iay with a 360 degrees movie
For Iay see update of June 6, 2022
Courtesy: AB

December 20, 2021
Page Amduat papyrus Nesykhonsu
Bab el Gasus
Length 124 cm, height 24 cm
Luxor Museum

December 16, 2021
Page Book of the Dead papyrus Tauseretempernesu
Bab el Gasus
Length 121 cm, height 21 cm
Luxor Museum

November 18, 2021
Page Amduat papyrus Sjedsuhor
Bab el Gasus
Length 445 cm, height 23 cm
Cairo Museum

November 17, 2021
Unique Maatkara overseer
With long beard and cartouche
Faience, 11.1 cm
Private collection NH

November 15, 2021
Page Book of the Dead papyrus Sjedsuhor
Bab el Gasus
Length 523 cm, height 23 cm
Cairo Museum

September 5, 2021
Page Papyrus Nestanebetisheru Royal Cache
The framed sections of the  37 metres long Book of the Dead of Nestanebetisheru combined in one single slider
British Museum, London

August 21, 2021
Page Papyri
For the first time, it is possible to consult online 65 papyri very closely for study, publication or research. Many of the papyri shown were found with the grave goods or with the mummies of the Bab el Gasus Cache. See the Papyri page

Best to view on a desktop or laptop. Phones or tablets are less suitable for a proper projection

Example: Amduat papyrus for Djedmaatiusankh, length 146 cm, height 23 cm.
BA S.R.IV.542 = JE 95645, Cairo 8, Type A.III.1b Niwinski
Photo and panorama view VB 2021 (quality remarks)

February 5, 2021
Page ‘Bab el Gasus
On February 4, 1891, a startling discovery was made in Egypt that would stun the world’s media. After digging a deep shaft near the temple of Hatshepsut, a long gallery was found with more than 150 beautifully decorated coffins, shabti boxes and many other grave goods. All belonging to the highest elite from the priestly castes, including the sons and daughters of the rulers of the time.

Three thousand years ago, this highly secret tomb was filled at one go to give the deceased a secure hiding place to protect them from grave robbers.

More or less for the same security reasons the tomb had to be quickly emptied in 1891. In the process, much information was lost. Now, 130 years later, scientists from various museums and institutions are working to find out exactly what and who were found. An immense task coordinated in part by the Vatican Museum.

Many shabtis have also been found for which it was not known exactly which owner they belonged to. In many publications the information is fragmented, and an overall view was lacking. In 1998 Liliane Aubert made a first Bab el Gasus shabti publication and she thereby laid the foundation for further research.

Since 2006 I have been inspired by the research of Miguel Angel Escobar Clarós, Niek de Haan, Glenn Janes and Ingeborg Waanders. They, especially Miguel regarding Bab el Gasus, have done a tremendous amount of preliminary work which I have gratefully incorporated into my overview.

With new techniques such as digital scans of old publications, translation software and photos from many museums and the Internet, a huge web page has been created that provides almost all the known information about all types of shabtis found in Bab el Gasus.

It is therefore a great pleasure for me to launch this page. Exactly 130 years after the first coffin was recovered on February 5, 1891. I hope that many can use it for information, inspiration or further research.

Enjoy!