Page ‘Sources

Names and titles of published shabtis researched and published by Jean-Luc Chappaz. Here you will find more than 17,000 bibliographical references (name – title (s) – relationship – bibliographic reference). The classification according to the names inscribed on the statuettes and the distribution of attestations according to the major periods of Egyptian history.

Page ‘Nefertari

Overview shabtis Nefertari.

Nefertari, QV 66, Valley of Queens
Photo: VB 2019

Page ‘Royal Cache DB320

Mostly unpublished pictures of Royal Cache coffins added to the DB 320 shabtis with links to the website of the Theban Royal Mummy Project.

Page ‘Sources

The Amasis Collection:
A new publication of Glenn Janes with a foreword of Jean Thomassen. It holds detailed and very interesting information about the shabti art market over the last 60 years and holds high quality rare old and new photo’s, research, references and background material about discoveries, shabtis, tombs, coffins, finding spots, etc. This is a book for the library of serious dealers, collectors, musea and universities.
More info on www.shabtis.com


Page ‘Rare and special shabtis

Beautiful New Kingdom shabti of Hori with extremely rare attributes like the scribal palette and papyrus roll or a short, stout staff. Interestingly, although the inscription is damaged, enough survives to indicate that Hori was not a scribe. Source: Brooklyn Museum

Page ‘Royal Cache DB320

Extremely rare shabti of Nesykhonsu, niece and second wife of Pinedjem II. For now it is the only example known with vertical registers (5) and a height of only 14.6 cm. The shabti was auctioned by Case Antiques, Inc. Auctions & Appraisals, USA on April 27, 2019 Lot 300: 16 Assorted Egyptian and Pre-Columbian Relics and was sold for $3400 exclusive auction costs

Page ‘Sources

Excellent first publication (576 pages, hardcover) of the Gate of the Priests, also known as Bab el-Gasus and Cache II, in the series of Culture & History of the Ancient Near East. Contributions of Rogério Sousa, Maria Cristina Guidotti, Marianne Zarli, Rogério Sousa, Deborah Vannucci and Kathlyn Cooney with coffins, shabti boxes, provenance documents and 92 Cache II shabtis of 47 owners. ISBN-10: 9004386491

Page ‘Pharaoh shabtis

In my overview I attribute the shabtis of
Shoshenq II to Shoshenq I (founder of the 22nd Dynasty) based on the 2018 publication of
Mr. G.P.F. Broekman in Göttinger Miszellen no. 254. His research makes it highly likely that Shoshenq II and Soshenq I are in fact the same person. For this reason I omitted Shoshenq II in the 22nd Dynasty overview of Pharaoh’s.

Page ‘Sources
In June 2018 a very nicely worked out catalogue by Therea Kohl was issued in Germany. It describes the shabtis in the Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum in Hildesheim. Like the Janes series the shabtis are displayed in real size. Excellent study material because the issuer added a CD with high resolution photos of all shabtis and fragments. ISBN-10: 3806788227.

Page ‘Rare and special shabtis

Three unique terracotta shabtis,
ca. 16 cm, 19th-20th Dynasty.
Photo: Christie’s

Page ‘Royal Cache DB320


Worker of Pinedjem I added in the overview as Worker 5.

Page ‘Royal Cache DB320
A very good friend found a photo of an extremely rare, special and magnificent styled and painted overseer of Pinedjem I. It is added in the overview as Overseer 2.

Page ‘Pharaohs
The only known ushabti from Psamtek III is removed from the Pharaoh page because my earlier doubts are supported by a basalt (stone) replica of Tuthmoses III that might be from the same workshop.

On the Pharaoh page I wrote that the Psamtek III was a strange anomaly. Nobody known to me has seen it and another ushabti of stone from this period (around 525 BC) was not known to me either. The discovery of the Tuthmoses III fake convinced me that the Psamtek is from recent date. Maybe even from the Grand Tour period when high end fakes and replica’s were sold to tourists.

On the left fake Tuthmoses III, basalt, auction Coutau-Bégarie 31/05/17, lot 184.
Photo: catalogue Coutau-Bégarie
On the right assumed fake Psamtek III, stone, 27 cm, somewhere in the South of Germany.
Photo: unknown

Page ‘Royal Cache DB320
In February, I found the second shabti coffin of the Third Intermediate High priest Pinedjem I in the Mummification Museum in Luxor. I was surprised that it was completely different from the one in Cairo. The size looks similar but this one has 3 compartments, the one in Cairo 2. The beautiful decoration is also different.

I estimated the size of the boxes, but they might differ from my compilation. The vertical stroke below right in front of the side panel is part of the cabinet and the left panel is mirrored.

Backside shabtibox Pinedjem I in the Mummification Museum of Luxor

Page ‘Sources
Released today a superb catalogue of the shabtis in the Liverpool Museum by Glenn Janes, see example. The photos are life-size and of excellent quality. The references, written details and translation of hieroglyphs are outstanding. A ‘must have’ for museums, antiquities dealers and collectors of ancient Egyptian artifacts. See www.shabtis.com

Page ‘Chronology
Shabti of Hat JE39590, Adjutant reign of Akhenaton, before and after the robbery at the Cairo Museum

Page ‘Pharaohs
Thanks to courtesy of a Dutch collector a photo is added of the only known complete specimen of 26th Dynasty King Ahmose II

Page ‘Sources
Dr. Bron Lipkin’s site (if the site does not open, use Google to find it, unfortunately the link seems to be blocked by Chrome, DB 06/2020) added with information about fakes. Spanish site of Moises Gonzalez Sucías added with loads of information.

Page ‘Royal Cache
Picture Overseer 2 of Isetemkheb D added
This photo completes the Royal Cache overview
Photo courtesy of GJ

Page ‘Royal Cache
Picture Nesykhonsu A, worker 3 added. Smaller broad specimen with necklace and bracelet
Photo courtesy of GJ

Page ‘Special shabtis
Wax funerary figure with golden mask added

Page ‘Pharaos
Good photo pharaoh Piye (Phianky, 25th Dyn) added from the Cairo Museum 12-2015

Page ‘Determine age
Renewed to offer an easy comprehensive overview

Launching www.ushabtis.com from Cairo with a view on the old Cairo Museum
December 14 at 4 pm